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FeRAM

MB89R118C FeRAM Memory IC Embedded UHF Band RFID LSI

FeRAM MB89R118C Embedded UHF Band RFID LSI  For Battery-less Solution

SKU MB89R118C1-DIAP15-P1 Category Tag

FRAM embedded RFID LSI for 13.56MHz MB89R118C

FRAM embedded RFID LSIMB89R118Cfor 13.56MHz has specific features; Large memory capacity, Radiation hardness, and Large input capacitance for small antenna.

Introduction

FUJITSU SEMICONDUCTOR has been developing FRAM (Ferroelectric Random Access Memory) embedded RFID LSI for both HF (13.56MHz) and UHF (860 to 960MHz). Because of the FRAM features such as fast writing and high endurance, FRAM embedded RFID LSI has large memory, and it is widely used as data carrier tag for FA (Factory Automation), maintenance, and other data logging purposes worldwide.

In addition, the radiation hardness feature of FRAM is recently coming into the spotlight especially for medical and healthcare applications from the point that the data stored in FRAM survives after Gamma-ray sterilization.

“MB89R118C” has newly prepared large input capacitance specification in order to adapt itself to the small size tag.

Radiation-hardness of FRAM embedded RFID

“MB89R118C”is a RFID LSI for HF (13.56MHz) embedded with 2Kbytes FRAM, which is suitable for industrial applications such as FA because of the large memory capacity for data carrier tag.

“MB89R118C” is the successor of “MB89R118/118B,” which is already distributed in the RFID market, and the specification of “MB89R118C” follows the existing two products.

Therefore, the customers who already use either of the two products can adapt “MB89R118C”to the current environment without any modification.

In addition, there is a new feature, which is large input capacitance in order to adapt “MB89R118C” to the small size tags. Because of the radiation hardness feature of FRAM, there is a needs especially from medical and healthcare applications which requires Gamma-ray sterilization and small antenna as well.

In this case, the tag is expected to be attached to the products ; for example ampul, vial, filter, coupler, tube, syringe, and so on, all of which are sterilized with more than 25kGy (Gray) of Gamma-ray. Then, the data stored in the tag has to be survived after the sterilization. This is the point that only FRAM embedded RFID can achieve. On the other hand, E2PROM embedded RFID, which is the most commonly used for RFID market, cannot achieve it and even its unique ID stored in E2PROM is lost.

Also from the physical size point of view, small tags are preferred for some products, on which the tag is attached. And if the number of antenna turns is not sufficient due to the size limitation, the communication performance would be deteriorated.

This is the reason why “MB89R118C” has prepared 96pF input capacitance version in addition to 24pF version, and this feature enables to decrease the number of antenna turns for small size of tags.

Product Features

This product consists of three parts ; RF (Analog), Logic, and Memory. 2Kbytes FRAM is embedded as data memory and the communication specification is based on ISO/ IEC15693, which defines protocols and commands for vicinity type of passive RFID powered by RF.

The main features of this product are as follows :

Large-capacity memory

FRAM 2Kbytes (user memory : 2,000bytes)

Memory configuration : 8bytes per block, 256 blocks

Data transmission

Reader/Writer RFID (Modulation) ASK 10/100(Data coding) 1 out of 4

RFID Reader/Writer

(Modulation) One sub-carrier OOK (Data coding) Manchester

Anticollision

ISO/IEC15693 compliant; Complete time slot with ASK 10EOF, and Break time slot with ASK 10EOF

UID : The same product code as MB89R118/118B : “E00801H

Commands

ISO/IEC15693 commands group Fast read/write commands (custom)

Antenna input capacitance

24 (±5) pF or 96 (±10) pF for small tags (newly developed)

Read/Write endurance : 1010 times

Data retention : 10 years (70)

Product Specifications

■ Memory configuration

2Kbytes FRAM is embedded as internal memory, which consists of 2,000bytes user area and 48bytes system area. The user area consists of 250 blocks from “00H”to “F9H” and the system area consists of 6 blocks from “FAH”to“FFH.”Each block stores 8bytes of data.

Table 1 presents the memory configuration.

AreaBlock numberDetailsData readingData writing
User Area (2 ,000 bytes)00 H to F9 HUser area
System Area (48 bytes)FAHUID (64 -bit)×
FBHAFI, DSFID, EAS, security statusLimited access
FCH to FFHBlock security status×

 

The block is the accessed unit when the data is read or written. The user area is defined as an area that can be accessed when the corresponding block address is specified. On the other hand, the system area is defined as an area that can be accessed only  for a specific command.

The system area records 64bits UID, which is unique to the chip, security status for individual block (whether locked or not), and so forth.

■ Data transmission

From Reader/Writer to RFID

The communication between Reader/Writer and RFID is based on the protocol defined in ISO/IEC15693. The data transmitted  from  Reader/Writer  is  modulated  by  ASK (Amplitude Shift Keying), and the modulation index is 10 and

100 . The data coding of “MB89R118C” is “1 out of 4”coding,

and “1 out of 256”coding is not implemented.

As described in Figure 1, “1 out of 4” coding is the method which indicates the 2bits value “00B”to“11B”with 4 different puls position respectively.

The command transmitted from Reader/Writer is coded with “1 out of 4”coding and then modulated with ASK, the data rate of which is calculated as 26.48kbps.

From RFID to Reader/Writer

The data responded from RFID to Reader/Writer is modulated by OOK (On Off Keying), which is the load modulation with sub-carrier frequency. Although one or two sub-carrier is defined in ISO/IEC15693, MB89R118C supports only one sub-carrier.

Data “0”and“1”are coded by Manchester coding and the modulated signal waveform of each data are shown in Figure 2. The data rate is normally 26.48kbps (at high data rate) for standard commands, but if the fast command (custom command) is executed, the data rate becomes double (52.97kbps). This feature is particularly effective in reading operation for large amount of data.

Figure 2 Signal Waveform of Load Modulation

■ Anticollision

Anticollision is a key feature of RFID in order to recognize multiple tags within the RF fields, which is defined in ISO/IEC15693. The anticollision sequence is executed by inventory command, which is described later, and UIDs of individual tags are identified by 16 slot signals (EOF signals) transmitted in fixed interval following to the command. If the number of tags in the RF fields are increased, more than two tags may response to the same slot, in which the collision is occurred.

In this case, another inventory command is transmitted for the tags, and 16 EOF signals are followed in order to identify each of them. This procedure is continued until all the tags are identified. Therefore, in general the required time for whole procedure is depending on the number of tags to be identified. EOF signal is modulated by ASK 10or 100, and the interval, which is the waiting time before sending a subusequent EOF slot, is specified in ISO/IEC15693.

If the EOF is modulated with ASK10, the interval is always the same (complete time slot) regardless of the response from tag. On the other hand, if it is modulated with ASK100, the interval, during which no response is detedted, is shorten (break time slot) and switch to the subsequent EOF slot quickly.

MB89R118C supports 100  modulated EOF signals in addition to 10signals, and can execute the anticollision sequence quickly.

 

 

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